Qatar is an Arab sovereign state located in the small peninsula of Qatar in the east of the Arabian peninsula. It has a single land border, in the south with Saudi Arabia, while the rest of the territory is bathed by the waters of the Persian Gulf. A strait of water separates this peninsula from the island state of Bahrain.
Qatar is an absolute monarchy that has been ruled by the Al Thani family since the mid-19th century. Before the discovery of oil in its territory, Qatar was famous for collecting pearls and its maritime trade. He was a British protectorate until he gained his independence in 1971. In 1995, Sheikh Hamad al Zani became an emir after deposing his father, Jalifa bin Hamad al Zani, in a peaceful coup d’etat.The current emir of Qatar is Tamim bin Hamad Al Thani, who acceded to the position after abdicating his father in 2013.
Doha, the capital of Qatar, is a modern city located in Doha Bay, in the Persian Gulf. On the coast of the city center we find numerous parks and the Corniche promenade. The Museum of Islamic Art, designed by I. M. Pei and located on an artificial island, exhibits a huge collection from all corners of the Muslim world.